Czestochowa - the spiritual capital of Poland

A city of cultural, religious and national heritage

Your local contact

Tourist Information Centre

Aleja Najświętszej Maryi Panny 65
42-217 Czestochowa

tel. 0048 343 682 250

e-mail: mcit (at) czestochowa.um.gov.pl

www.czestochowa.pl

Częstochowa is a place known to many people around the world, primarily due to the presence of the image of Our Lady of Częstochowa, the icon of the Black Madonna, which is located in the monastery of the Pauline Fathers at Jasna Góra. The Feast of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary (August 15), attracts every year about 100,000 pilgrims from Poland and abroad to Częstochowa. The Chapel of the Miraculous Image of Our Lady of Jasna Góra is the centre of the Shrine.

The Chapel of Our Lady with the Image of the Mother of God and the Baby Jesus, also known as the Black Madonna, is the most important goal of the pilgrims arriving in Jasna Góra. It was from the altar of Our Lady that the Polish kings set out on military expeditions and brought here their votive offerings. John Paul II also offered a Golden Rose and the belt shot through during the attempt on his life in 1981, which are now placed next to the image of the Black Madonna.

The chapel consists of three parts erected at different times. The oldest, gothic part is today’s presbytery and is decorated with an ebony-silver altar from the 17th century. The second, baroque part is decorated with votive offerings, expressing gratitude to the Mother of God for favours. The third part of the chapel is from the beginning of the 20th century.

Częstochowa is situated in the northern part of the Province of Silesia, in the picturesque range of limestone hills. The city is located near the Katowice-Pyrzowice and Kraków-Balice airports, on one of the main transport routes of Poland, connecting the northern and southern part of the country.

The vicinity of Częstochowa - the Polish Jurassic Highland also known as the Polish Jura –  is a perfect place for sport, recreation and active forms of tourism. The Kraków-Częstochowa upland is an exceptional eco-paradise with unique natural values. Częstochowa is a great starting point to Jurassic tourist tracks, with ruins of medieval fortresses, limestone rocks and caves, attracting lots of hikers, cyclists and horse riders, rock climbers, cave explorers and hang-gliders.

Częstochowa has a rich and varied cultural offer. The high culture is successfully represented by the municipal institutions: the City Museum, City Art Gallery, Philharmonic Hall, Adam Mickiewicz Theatre, “Gaude Mater” Centre for Promotion of Culture, Film Culture Centre and City Community Centre. Local events in Częstochowa, such as “Aleje – tu się dzieje” – a project comprising a series of cultural events in the main avenue of the city, or “Hot Jazz Spring”, “Frytka OFF”, “Hip-Hop Elements”, Reggae ON” and “Retro” festivals are very popular among the inhabitants of Częstochowa and are a real trademark of the city in Poland and abroad. 

Shrine Czestochowa

The Madonna of Czestochowa is an Iconic Image (82 x 122 centimeter) that shows Mother Mary with her child. During the Hussite Wars in 1430 the Image was severely injured. Nowadays the Image is kept in the richly decorated Chapel of Our Lady of Czestochowa in the Jasna Góra Monastery.

Pilgrimage history

In 1382, Ladislaus founded the Pauline Monastery at Jasna Góra and donated the image of the Black Madonna two years later. In the middle of the 17th century, King Johann II Kasimir consecrated his nation to “Our Lady of Czestochowa”. Due to the image of Our Lady of Czestochowa, the city is known to many people around the world.

Top 6 most important spots of the Jasna Gora Monastery

What to visit

Chapel of our Lady

The Chapel of Our Lady with the Image of the Mother of God and the Baby Jesus, also known as the Black Madonna, is the most important goal of the pilgrims arriving in Jasna Góra. John Paul II also offered a Golden Rose and the belt shot through during the attempt on his life in 1981, which are now placed next to the image of the Black Madonna.

Basilica

The Church dedicated to the Holy Cross and to the Assumption of the Holy Mother – received the title of basilica in 1906. The Baroque interior is decorated with rich stucco and paintings. The main altar in the form of late Baroque marbled sculpture depicts the Assumption of the Mother of God.

Library

It is divided into two parts – old and new. There are about 8000 old prints and medieval illuminated manuscripts, including unique specimens from the royal collections of the Jagiellonians, in the old library. The ceiling of the library is decorated with frescoes from the first half of the 18th century.

Jasna Góra Tower

This is the highest point of Jasna Góra and currently the highest church tower in Poland (106.3 m). 519 steps lead to the fifth floor, from which one can view the whole area. Above the first floor, there is a clock with 36 bells which play the melodies of songs of St. Mary.

Knights’ Hall

The representative, early Baroque hall of Jasna Góra, adjacent to the upper part of the Chapel of the Mother of God. Built in 1647, it was a room for disputes, meetings and conventions. In 1936, the first plenary synod of the reborn Poland took place there. There are also 17th century paintings depicting important events in the history of the monastery.

Way of the Cross

The Way of the Cross was built in 1900-1913 according to the design of Stefan Szyller in the monastery park which is surrounded on three sides by the walls of the Sanctuary. The figures of 14 stations are cast in bronze by the Warsaw sculptor Pius Welonski. It has already become a tradition of pilgrimages in Jasna Góra to conduct the service of the Way of the Cross here.

Popes in Czestochowa

1717: Pope Clemens XI

1910: Pope Pius X

1979, 1983, 1987, 1991, 1997, 1999: Pope John Paul II

2006: Pope Benedict XVI

2016: Pope Francis

Top Excursions and Events

What to do in Czestochowa

Top 8 events
  1. "Frytka Off-jazd" Alternative Culture Festival, www.frytkaoff.czestochowa.pl
  2. “Gaude Mater” International Sacred Music Festival, www.gaudemater.pl
  3. Częstochowa Cultural Night, http://noc.czestochowa.pl
  4. “Christmas Alley” Christmas Fair, www.czot.pl
  5. Retro Częstochowa Festival, www.czestochowa.pl
  6. Industriada – Festival of the Industrial Monuments Route, www.industriada.pl
  7. Bronisław Huberman International Violin Festival, www.filharmonia.com.pl
  8. Hot Jazz Spring – International Festival of Traditional Jazz, www.hotjazzspring.eu
Top 4 tourist trails around Czestochowa

The region around Czetochowa offers a lot that can be explored. Four different themed routes, invite you to explore the region:

  1. Trail of the Eagle's Nests, www.orlegniazda.pl
  2. Wooden Architecture Trail, https://sad.slaskie.travel/
  3. Trail of Industrial Heritage, www.zabytkitechniki.pl
  4. Silesian Cuisine, www.slaskiesmaki.pl
Getting here by plane

Katowice Airport (KTW)
located in Pyrzowice village, 60 km from Czestochowa
www.katowice-airport.com
(direct bus connection to Czestochowa www.pyrzowiceekspres.pl')

Krakow Airport (KRK)
130 km from Czestochwa
www.krakowairport.pl
(then to Krakow city centre and from there by train or bus to Czestochowa)

Warsaw Chopin Airport (WAW)

220 km from Czestochowa
www.lotnisko-chopina.pl
(then to Warsaw city centre and from there by train or bus to Czestochowa)

Warsaw Modlin Airport (WMI)
250 km from Czestochowa
www.modlinairport.pl
(then to Warsaw city centre and from there by train or bus to Czestochowa)

Getting here by car

The city is located on one of the main transport routes of Poland, connecting north and south.
 

from the north: Gdansk, Berlin, Poznan, Lodz and Warsaw (European route - E75, National road 1 - DK1, street - aleja Wojska polskiego)
 

from the east: Kielce (National road 46 - DK46, street - ul. Bugajska)
 

from the south: Katowice, Krakow, Vienna (European route - E75, National road 1 - DK 1, street - aleja Wojska Polskiego)
 

from the west: Wroclaw, Prague, Dresden (National road 46 - DK 46, steet - ul. Glowna or through Katowice and then A 4 motorway)

Getting here by train

Czestochowa Osobowa (city centre):
main entrance - Aleja Wolnosci 21
east entrance - ul. Pilsudskiego 32
bus stops: Dowzec Glowny PKP or Pilsudskiego
tram stop: Dworzec Glowny PKP

Czestochowa Stradom:
entrance - ul. Pulaskiego 114
bus stop: Stradom-dworzec PKP

Czestochowa Rakow:
east entrance - ul. Rejtana 6
west entrance - Aleja Pokoju 16
bus stops: Rejtana or Rakow - dworzec PKP